Complete blood count, known as hemogram test in cats and dogs, may be requested after the general examination, as a result of the physician’s decision. The hemogram test, which gives very important and useful values about the general condition of the patient, has an important place in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
How is the Hemogram Test done?
A small blood sample is taken from the pet and placed in a special tube that prevents blood from clotting. The sample is then sampled, which counts the different cell types and identifies the various characteristics of the cells. The sample is then put into a machine called an automated blood analyzer that counts the different cell types and identifies the various characteristics of the cells. In addition, a drop of blood is spread thinly on a glass slide which creates a blood smear . These are stained with special dyes and examined under a microscope to look at the appearance of individual cells.
What can we determine from the Hemogram Test?
- The diagnosis of bacterial or viral diseases in cats and dogs,
- In determining the level of immunity,
- To determine the presence of chronic infection,
- To identify parasitic infestations,
- In determining the presence of angina (it is a cellular, humoral (liquid) and vascular (vascular) response given by living tissue to all kinds of living and non-living foreign factors),
- In detecting the presence of allergic reactions,
- In determining any blood loss or dehydration,
- The determination of anemia (the symptom known as anemia among the people).
What does a Hemogram Test measure?
The hemogram test, also known as the Complete Blood Count, provides information about the three main types of cells found in the blood. These are red blood cells (also known as erythrocytes or RBC), white blood cells(also known as leukocytes or WBC), and platelets (PLT). It allows us to make the most accurate diagnosis about the disease by learning the monocyte (MON), neutrophil (NEU), eosinophil (EOS), basophil (BAS), hematocrit (HCT), MCV, MCH, MCHC ratios and PLT ratio in our analysis results. The results of the analysis play an important role in both the protection of health and the treatment of the disease, by guiding the physician and allowing the correct diagnosis and treatment.
All the values given by the Complete Blood Count Device are as follows:
22 parameters with cellular histograms are provided.
WBC : [BEYAZ KAN HÜCRELERİ]
White blood cells, also known as leukocytes, are necessary to protect the body against infectious organisms such as bacteria and viruses, and foreign substances that can enter the body.
If we think of white blood cells as the “armed forces” of the body; of the body’s armed forces rather than the army, navy, and air force. It has five branches represented by different types of white blood cells called neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils Different groups of leukocytes work independently and in combination, depending on the current problem.
WBC : Total White Blood Cell Count Graphical WBC and EOS histograms provide additional information about sample integrity and content.
LYM : lymphocyte percentage and lymphocytes
MON : percentage monocytes and monocytes
NEU : neutrophils percentage and neutrophils
EOS : eosinophils percentage and eosinophils
TOP : basophil percentage and basophils
When animals get minor wounds, the wound is sent tiny cells within the blood that allow the blood to clot. It is important to have a sufficient number of platelets in the blood.
PLT : Platelets or platelets count and parameters:
MPV : Mean Platelet Volume
PCT : Platelet hematocrit
PDW : Platelet Distribution Width
Graphic Platelet Histogram included.